| 이곳은 3·1운동 때 민족 대표 33인 중 한 분인 의암義菴 손병희孫秉熙,1861~1922선생이 태어난 곳이다.
선생은 일찍이 동학東學에 입문하여 동학혁명때 충청도와 경상도에서 10만의 교도敎道를 이끌고 관군과 싸웠다.
1897년에는 동학 후에 천도교의 3세 교주가 되었다.
1919년 기독교, 불교 대표들과 함께 3·1운동을 영도하여 독립을 선언하였다가 일본 경찰에 체포되어 서대문 감옥에서 복역 중 병보석으로 출감하여 상춘원常春圓에서 요양 중 병사 하였다.
선생이 태어난 생가는 정면 4칸 측면 1칸 반의 초가집으로 원형을 보존하고 1961년 탄신 100주년을 맞아 유허비遺址碑를 건립하였다.
| This house is the birthplace of Son Byeong-hui (1861-1922), a religious leader and independence activist of Korea.
In 1882, at the age of 22, Son joined Donghak (Eastern Learning), an indigenous religious movement which had arose in response to foreign influence.
In 1894, as a popular uprising broke out to protest government corruption, he fought against the government troops, leading 100,000 followers in Chungcheong-do and Gyeongsang-do Provinces.
Son was ordained as the third Great Leader of Donghak in 1897. He reformed the religion and changed its name to Cheondogyo (Religion of the Heavenly Way).
After Japan’s annexation of Korea, Son participated in independence movements.
He signed the Korean Declaration of Independence along with various Christian and Buddhist religious leaders, which ignited a nationwide movement in March 1919.
He was captured and put in jail by Japanese police.
After he was released on sick bail, he died of illness in 1922.
In 1961, a monument was erected in front of this thatched-roof house in order to commemorate the centennial anniversary of his birth.