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2019 Winter Personal Essay

GGHS 2019 Winter - Team 3

Grow up as a true global leader

- Four participation, my last global camp

This Global Issues Forum camp is a very meaningful event for me. Because it is the last camp as a student that can participate in this camp. It was a difficult and hard time to carry out many of the assignments given during the three days of the Global Issues Forum camp, but the biggest reason to participate again was the last opportunity given to me and I didn't want to miss it. So I joined at the Global Issues Forum camp and I was the leader of a team under the topic of ‘Religion in Ganghwa’. I love the word 'why' so much. I always pay attention to why large and small things within society happen. Unfortunately, these causes are often less apparent and in that case, I try to figure out why. The characteristic of mine were the most crucial reasons for choosing this topic. I've always wondered, 'Why do people believe in religion, and why do we have different religions on our planet?'. Through this global camp, I have a desire to find out for sure about religion, even if I can't solve my curiosity.

There were many friends in my team who were new to participate in this camp. So when our team first met teacher Litika, I felt our team members were ashamed. Because I participated the most in this camp and I was the leader of my team, I tried a lot to answer my unskilled English. Our awkwardness was solved on the second day. Our team was very cooperative. And the process involves us who have been discussing the topic for a very long time. When we took a big frame and investigated, we got off topic, and when we took the subject again, we got off topic. Feeling increasingly out of touch with our topic, I decided to vote about our topic because I had to lead the team as a leader. Voting has set a definite topic and has made it easy for us to do our research, prepare for presentations and post on our wiki pages. Ganghwa is an area called a roofless museum. As it proves, buildings related to different religions can be seen in Ganghwa. Our team selected three major religions - Buddhism, Anglicanism and Daejonggyo- and prepared a presentation to introduce them with related structures. Especially, because Buddhism or Anglicanism is popular religion, I was familiar and well aware them. However, the Daejonggyo has come to know anew this time. The Daejonggyo is a religion that believes in Dangun, and there are Chamsungdan Altar built on Ganghwa to offer ancestral rites. Morerover, it was very surprising to me that it was the religion that created the National foundation Day of Korea (October 3rd).

If I finish this essay I am writing now, my last global camp is complete. I've never won a presentation award since I've been to this camp, and I'm more than happy to get one at this last camp. Some students had a class in the morning, so it was a tight schedule but so meaningful. After all the camps are over, I don't think there will be any activity that I feel so proud of as this Global Issues Forum camp. If students have never participated, I hope they enjoy it at least once. Also i hope you don't miss the opportunity to become a global leader by participating in the global camp. Bye, my last global camp!

2018 Summer Personal Essay

2018 GGHS Team 4

Becoming a global talented person through Global Issues Forum Camp

Goryeo was a kingdom built by 豪族(호족), a lineage that grew up in late Silla. 2018 is the 1100th anniversary of the founding of Goryeo. 2018 is expected to be a special year in Ganghwa Island, the only remaining historic site in the Korean Peninsula and a roofless museum. Using geographical characteristics, Ganghwa Girls ' High School held many events related to this, including the 2018 Summer Global Issue Forum Camp. It's my third time attending this event. This camp is a little different from last year's camp. This is because the page for Ganghwa Girls ' Global Issues Forum Camp was created in a place called MediaWiki. It was really interesting that my team's pages could be filled with my research and translations and that people around the world could see them all. As a person who feels great value in helping someone, I felt that this is an opportunity to promote both Goryeo and Ganghwa Girls' High School. So I participated in a global issues forum camp.

I joined the society team. I did research about the lives of the people because I am very interested in what happens in society among ordinary people and my dream is to be a CARE [Crisis-intervention, Assistance, Rasponse].I studied a Korean history subject, so I heard about these contents in that class. But I only knew a very few things and did not have many materials or textbooks about the topic. Through this global issues forum camp, I learned the real examples of how the people suffered, not how hard, but what they suffered, and how the military enjoyed a luxurious life. People seem to be really great in the midst of constant war and confusing political situation.

I was my team's leader in this global issues forum camp. This is my third time participating in a global camp, and it is the first time I am a team leader. I was really worried whether I can be a good leader, if I would be able to convey the right information to my teammates from the first day to the presentation day. I don't know if my team thinks I was a good team leader, but I think my team was really good. All of them were enthusiastic and active friends, so they were able to proceed without much trouble. I just hope that the results of the presentation on the last day will be good. While the role of a team leader is superficial, my role was to understand the psychology of the military and literati during the period of military rule. Those who were discriminated against at that time had an inferiority complex and did not know how to deal with it. History can not be changed, but it is regrettable to see that Goryeo could have avoided the military regime.

The kingdom of the Emperor, Goryeo. A living museum, Ganghwado Island. The power of the two was considerable, and the results they gave were fantastic. Interestingly, many other schools say this year may be the 1100th anniversary of the foundation of Goryeo. I hope people learn a lot about the Goryeo and Ganghwa Island from the results of the students who participated in the global camp.

My Contribution

A Psychological Perspective of the Military Coup in Goryeo (武臣政權)

Background of the military coup

Since the reign of King Seongjong (981-997), the system was reorganized based on Confucian political ideology, so the literati(文人) principles were strengthened. As a result, the literati took the leadership on the political stage, and a distinguished family was formed by them. The noble families developed a sense of discrimination that was distinct from other groups, and expressed it in human and social relationships. This was mainly expressed in terms of pride and arrogance, and the direct victims of this discrimination were mainly the warriors (武人). These acts hurt the warriors' feelings and so they developed a victim mentality, or inferiority complex. Having no study abilities, warriors were excluded from the society led by distinguished literati families. The literati and warriors were socially separated, and the psychological barriers[1] were strengthened. Furthermore, as the discrimination between the literati and warriors could not be overcome anymore, the inferiority complex of the warriors became even more serious. In this situation, when scholars (literati) directly expressed discriminatory behaviors during the reign of King Uijong (1146-1170), the frustration, anger, and inferiority complex grew out of control. This was expressed as an extreme and cruel act on the aristocrats (literati or scholars).[2]

A superiority complex

The literati mainly had a superiority mentality before the military coup. This led to excessive discrimination of warriors and eventually led to the tragedy of being killed by warriors. The superiority complex is usually a false hypnosis of self-efficacy, which shows off false superiority in order to conceal one's inferiority complex.[3]

An inferiority complex

The warriors mainly had a inferiority complex. It eventually led to an military coup. An inferiority complex is characterized repeatedly by positioning itself as inferior to others by comparing itself to others. Alfred Adler, the three greatest master of psychology and founder of personal psychology, said that people with inferiority are not only strong in their will to power but also more likely to attack others.[4]


First, it should be understood clearly that both the inferiority complex and the superiority complex are two sides of the same coin. Some people have inferiority complexes in full view, while others have inferiority complexes. Some people have an inferiority complex in full view, while others have superiority complexes. People with inferiority complexes lack confidence, are scared, and are constantly suffering from inferiority complex, actually it means that there is a hidden desire for superiority. In contrast, a person with a superiority complex acts confident and arrogant in everything ,actually it means that there is a hidden inferiority complex in the back. Therefore, it must be understood that the inferiority complex or the superiority complex have this mechanism. Second, if there is an inferiority complex, something must be done to improve it and accept it. It is best to improve the fundamental problem of feeling inferior if it is not a problem of a psychological mechanism. However, if it is a problem that can’t be improved, it needs to be acknowledged and accepted. Lastly,one should not judge himself or herself. Usually, people with this complex tend to generalize something based on something very small. It is necessary to stop doing so because it will only complicate things.[5]

Classical Chinese Translation: Choe U (崔瑀) 's luxurious life in Ganghwa Island

Warriors who came to power after the military coup took this opportunity to abuse power. At the time of Choe U's reign, when Mongolia invaded Goryeo, he moved the capital to Ganghwa island, but a transfer of the capital was unprepared. He even lived a luxurious life in Ganghwa Island, which was no different from life in Kaegyeong, last Goryeos capital. The record of this is written in 『高麗史節要』(고려사절요).

Original text[6]

五月, 崔怡宴宗室司空已上及宰樞於其第. 置彩帛山張羅幃, 中結鞦韆, 飾以文繡綵花, 以八面銀釦貝鈿四大盆, 各盛氷峯, 又四大樽滿揷紅紫芍藥十餘品, 氷花交映, 表裏燦爛. 陳伎樂百戲, 八坊廂工人, 一千三百五十餘人, 皆盛飾, 入庭奏樂, 絃歌館鼓, 轟震天地. 八坊廂各給白銀三斤, 伶官兩部伎女才人, 皆給金帛, 其費鉅萬.

史臣曰,八坊廂者, 國朝之大平盛事也. 今蒙兵侵擾, 竄入海島, 社稷僅存, 實君臣同憂, 若涉淵氷之日也. 而怡乃盜竊國柄, 妄矜侈大, 略無畏忌, 罪固不容誅矣.

『高麗史節要』卷16, 高宗安孝大王 3 乙巳 32年 5月


(고종32) 5월에 최이(崔怡, ?~1249)가 종실의 사공(司空) 이상과 재추들을 위해 자신의 집에서 연회를 베풀었다. 이때 산처럼 높게 채붕(綵棚)을 세워 비단 휘장을 두르고 가운데는 그네를 매어 문수채화(文繡綵花)로 장식하고, 8면(八面)을 은단추와 자개로 장식한 4개의 큰 동이에 각각 얼음을 산더미처럼 담고, 또 4개의 큰 물통에 붉은 작약과 자줏빛 작약 10여 종을 가득히 꽂았는데, 얼음과 꽃이 서로 비춰 겉과 속에서 찬란한 빛을 발하였다. 그리고 기악과 온갖 잡희를 베풀고, 팔방상(八坊廂)의 공인(工人) 1350여 명이 모두 호화롭게 단장하고 뜰에 들어와 풍악을 연주하니, 거문고와 노래와 북과 피리 소리들이 천지를 진동하였다. 팔방상에게는 각각 백은(白銀) 3근씩을 주고, 영관(伶官)과 양부(兩部)의 기녀(伎女)와 광대에게도 각각 금과 비단을 주니, 그 비용이 엄청났다. 사신(史臣)이 말하기를, “팔방상(八坊廂)이란 것은 나라가 태평하였을 때나 있을 법한 성대한 것이다. 그런데 지금은 몽골군이 침략하여 해도(海島)로 숨어 들어가 사직을 겨우 보전하고 있는 상태로, 진실로 군신이 걱정을 같이하여 마치 연못 위의 엷은 얼음을 밟고 지나가는 것과 같은 상황이었다. 그런데 최이가 나라의 권력을 도둑질하여 망녕스럽게 사치하고 과장하며 조금도 두렵게 생각하거나 거리낌이 없었으니, 그 죄가 진실로 죽어도 용서받을 수 없을 것이다.”라고 하였다.

English-by student 박이소

In the 32nd year of King Gojong's reign, Choe Woo held a banquet in his own house for high people of the Royal family and the premiers. It was decorated with a variety of musical instruments and dancers. Furthermore, he distributed white sliver, gold and silk to the lowest class of people, it’s cost was very considerable.

The envoy said, "八坊廂 are large as might have been when the country was at peace, but now they are barely surviving due to the invasion of Mongolia. But Choe U steals the power of the nation, and even if he dies, he will not be forgiven."

English-Schultz and Kang[8]

Fifth month. Ch'oe I feasted the royal family, the Grand Marshal of Works and above, and the Councilors of State in his house and set up a mountain of various colored silk and a long silk curtain and inside tied swings and decorated it with lettered brocade and silk flowers and in eight directions (placed) silver buttons and inlaid work. In four large basins each vase was filled with ice and four large goblets were filled with red and purple ebony wine of ten kinds. Frozen flowers shone at each other. Inside and out was radiant and they displayed Kiak paekhoe. The eight ward artisans, numbering more than 1,350 men, were all dressed in finery and when one entered they presented music. The stringed, vocal, and drum music moved the heaven and earth. The eight wards each received 3 keun of white silver and the kisaeng and talented people of the Yeonggwan and the Two Divisions all received gold brocade. Their expenses were huge.

Historian comments: The eight wards are something which are used when the nation is at peace. Now the Mongols have invaded and hiding, we have entered the sea inlands. The dynasty has barely been preserved. This is what the King and his subjects worry about; it is like a day on which one fords frozen ice. But (Ch'oe) I robs the nation's authority and arrogantly boasts and is very extravagant generally without fear. His punishment definitely cannot permit only execution.


  • 문인 文人 (munin): literati[9]
  • 무인 武人 (muin): military[10]
    • It was originally translated as 'writers' and 'warriors' by student 박이소.
  • 팔방상 八坊廂 (palbangsang):eight wards[11]
    • 八: eight
    • 坊: subdivision of a city; neighborhood; subdivision; urban subdivision
    • 廂: box (in theater); side room; side-room; theatre box; wing; cabin


  1. psychology barrier: A word called a wall that is distant from others.
  2. 朴晉勳. (2011). 콤플렉스(Complex)를 통해서 본 고려의 사회와 인간. 사학연구, (102), 1-37.
  3. 위버맨/아들러의 심리학 - 열등감과 열등 콤플렉스/ 2017.05.02
  4. 한국사회병리연구소/알프레드 아들러 심리학과 용기(열등콤플렉스 이론)/ 2016.09.13.
  5. 봉리브르 / 아들러와 열등감..열등 콤플렉스/우월 콤플렉스 극복하는 법/ 2015.07.06
  6. 고려사절요 권16, 고종안효대왕 3 을사 32년 5월
  7. 고려사절요 권16, 고종안효대왕 3 을사 32년 5월
  8. Shultz EJ, Kang HHW. 2014. Koryosa choryo II: Essentials of Koryo History, Seoul: Jimoodang, pp. 314-5.
  9. 文人- 한국학 영문 용어·용례 사전
  10. 武人- 한국학 영문 용어·용례 사전
  11. Shultz EJ, Kang HHW. 2014. Koryosa choryo II: Essentials of Koryo History, Seoul: Jimoodang, pp. 314-5.