GGHS 2019 Winter - Team 3

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Religion in Ganghwa


No. Team Topic Teacher Role Name (Korean) No. of Students
3 Religion on Ganghwa
Ritika Leader 박이○ 7
Vice-Leader 유예○

Religion in Ganghwa


It refers to the system or teaching of or the belief in the supernatural the torment of human life and the ultimate meaning of life through faith in the supernatural.

Anglicanism in Ganghwa


Religious reformist Martin Luther and others influenced England in the 1520s, raising the movement for church reform in England. Even before the British Reformation of religion, a movement for church reform was being carried out. In particular, opposition to the Roman Catholic Church, which ruled England at that time, and the anti-clericalism movement were already taking place everywhere. Anglicanism was established against this background. The present great asset of the Anglicanism is the The Book of Common Prayer, that contains the Liturgy of the British Anglicanism. The Book of Common Prayer is still an important foundation for Anglican faith, worship, theology and spirituality, and is the basis of all the rituals of Anglican Church. Korea's Anglican Church of Korea uses a translated version of the book in Korean.[1]

The Anglican Church in Ganghwa

The Background for Establishment of Ganghwa Anglican Curch

The history of the Ganghwa Anglican Church began in 1889 when Mr. Koff was awarded the teaching position as the first Korean bishop. At that time, there was not a single believer in korea. It was in Ganghwa on June 13, 1896 where Koreans were first baptized. With such a background, the Anglican Church of Korea was the first to build a church in Ganghwa. Therefore, Ganghwa Anglican Cathedral history is old, and it is the oldest existing Hanok church building in Korea It was constructed with a bold combination of Western European style of Basilica and Oriental Buddhist temple style. The interior space of the church followed the pattern of the Basilica, while the exterior and outer space followed the pattern of Buddhist temples. A royal carpenter who participated in the construction of Gyeongbok Palace was in charge of the construction. The Anglican Church in Ganghwa not only shows the will of the early missionaries to naturalize themselves with the local culture but also provides a glimpse of the history of Korean Christianity. [2] [3]

Daejonggyo in Ganghwa


Daejonggyo is a religion that believes in Dangun, was created by Nacheol who was a religious activist at the Japanese occupation period. The Daesunggyo was founded because it has the driving force to be strengthen the nation’s foundation and revitalize its people during national crisis. The fundamental doctrines of Daejonggyo are the three laws (止, 調, 禁) and 三眞歸一 (性, 命, 精). Since it was founded during the Japanese colonial era, it has contributed more to the anti-Japanese independence movement than to its role as a religion. Daejonggyo is also the religion that created the National foundation day of Korea. [4]

Chamseongdan Altar in Ganghwa

Chamsungdan Altar is the place where a rituals, or jeecheon, are held to worship the sky and perform ancestral rites. Each Kingdom established an opportunity to solidify and unite its members through the Jechon event, and this tradition was continued during the Goryeo and Joseon periods. During the Goryeo and Joseon Dynasties, people held rituals in the state under the name of the king. There were regular and irregular rituals, regular rituals were held in spring and autumn. The purpose of the rite is believed to be to pray for the comfort and peace of the nation. Irregular rituals were held frequently in the event of natural disasters such as foreign invasions or droughts. Dangun Wanggeom, the founder of the Korean people, is known to have been built as an altar in short time of 51 years (BC2283). [5]

Chamseongdan Altar in Ganghwa

Chamseongdan Altar in History

On the <Korean history, 東史> of Lee Dong-hwan's { Susanjip } during the reign of Joseon Dynasty, it says Dan-gun built a castle on the sea and Manisan hills and built a platform and called Jecheon-dan. After repairing the Chamsongdan Altar, some say, "The place where Dangun built an altar and held a memorial service to Hanul."[7] The Chamsungdan Altar is reported to be an altar built by Dangun to offer sacrifices to the sky. It is said that the altar was built in a short span of 51 years by King Dan in BC 2283 to hold a memorial service in spring and fall for peace and development of the people.There is a record that Wonjong of Goryeo held a memorial service at Heungwang Palace in Marisan Mountain.It is recorded that, as being repaired in 11th year (1270) of King Wonjong of Goryeo Dynasty, and in 1639, the platform collapsed and was replaced in 1939 and also repaired in the 26th year (1700) of King Sukjong. [8]

Buddhism in Ganghwa


A religion that establishes Buddha as the head of religion and his teachings are considered the tentets.

History of Buddhism

In the 6th century B.C.India developed commerce and trade, and the gap between the rich and the poor widened. The Brahmins forced the people to perform ancestral rites, and this helped elevate the authority of the Brahmins who claimed they were the only ones eligible to carry out the rituals. It was a huge burden on the commoners to pay a lot of money for the rituals. In addition to the financial burden on the people for the rituals, caste system caused inter-caste discrimination which became a big problem. A lot of people felt discontent with Brahmanism and its caste system wanted a new religion. Siddhartha Gautama, who was born as a prince in India and lived a rich life, quietly closed his eyes under the Bodhi tree, and after 49 days of meditation became Buddha, the one who knows the truth. Thus Buddhism, the religion that promotes equality was established. He claim that ethical behavior is more important than ancestral ritual service that offer a sacrifice, and claimed that everyone could achieve happiness if they rid themselves of greed. These teachings gained popularity among the lower classes of the caste system. Buddha didn’t discriminate between the rich and the poor, men and women, the higher classes and the lower classes. Buddhism was spread widely through followers who studied Buddha’s teachings and reached to Goguryeo in 372 during the reign of King Sosurim. Since then Buddhism established itself as an influential religion of Korea

[9] [10]

Jeondeungsa Temple


In response to Mongol invasion, the Goryeo royal family designated a temporary town on Ganghwado Island and built a palace. During that period, the construction of a house within the premises of Jeondeungsa Temple was inevitable to promote the safety of the king along with geomancy theory (1232) In the 46th year of King Kojong's reign (1259), Jinjongsa Temple was established during the Goguryeo Period and reappeared in history. According to Goryeosa, there is a record of 46 years of King Kojong's reign (1259), the king ordered the construction of a house in Samnangseong Fortress five years later (1264), and that "the king opened the Daebulseong Fortress, a Buddhist event that repels all kinds of disasters in the country with Buddha's mercy." The royal family of Goryeo built a temporary house inside Samnangseong Fortress and reconstructed Jinjongsa. (1266). King Chungnyeol's in his 8th year (1282) changed the name of the temple and called it' Jeondeungsa'.The Goryeo royal family was deeply interested in Jeondeungsa Temple, and the according to the geomancy theory the terrains of jeongjok mountain has established itself as a very tranquil area. The geomancy theorists claim that,that if Manisan Mountain is a grandfather, then Jeongjok mountain is a grandmother, and that it embodies such strong energy of wellness that it can’t be damaged even during a war. Information about Jeondeungsa The temple is divided into Daeungjeon, Yaksajeon and Beomjong. Daeungjeon is designated as National Treasure No. 178, while the Yaksajeon is a treasure No. 179 and the Beomjong Treasure No. 393, as well as national historic relics and tangible cultural properties designated by Incheon City. And Jeondeungsa operates various temple stay programs for both domestic and foreign people.


Tripitaka Koreana

In 1231,Monggol invaded Korea, and the Choi administration moved its capital to Ganghwa to defend themselves from the Monggol invasion. During the war with Monggol, the people of Ganghwa had internalised the idea that they had defeated the enemy with the power of Buddha by publishing first edition of the Tripitaka Koreana while the Georan were invaded Korea. similarly, during the war with Monggol, they published Tripitaka thinking that it will help them to beat Monggol like the war with the Georan. The value and prestige of the production of Tripitaka Koreana is shown in its purpose, which was published to defeat Mongolian army and to unify the commoner. The purpose of production is to overcome the invasion of Mongolia by the power of Buddhism. It contains the nobility of protecting the country. [12]

Ganghwa in the map


  1. 출처 [위키백과 성공회
  2. 출처 [네이버 지식백과] 성공회 강화성당 (한국민족문화대백과, 한국학중앙연구원)
  3. 출처 [네이버 지식백과] 대한성공회 강화성당 - 동서양 건축 양식이 빚어낸 걸작
  4. 출처 [두산백과대종교 (Daejonggyo, 大倧敎)]
  5. 출처 네이버 [지식백과참성단]
  6. 출처 [한국민족문화대백과사전참성단 사진]
  7. 출처 [네이버지식백과참성단]
  8. 출처 [한국민족문화대백과사전참성단]
  9. 출처 [지식백과] 불교
  10. 출처 [두피디아]
  11. 출처 [전등사]
  12. 출처 [유네스코 한국위원회] 해인사 장경판전