(Translation) 2017 守株待兔

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Original Script

宋人有耕田者,田中有株,兔走,觸株折頸而死,因釋其耒而守株,冀復得兔,兔不可復得,而身為宋國笑。今欲以先王之政,治當世之民,皆守株之類也。古者丈夫不耕,草木之實足食也;婦人不織,禽獸之皮足衣也。不事力而養足,人民少而財有餘,故民不爭。是以厚賞不行,重罰不用而民自治。今人有五子不為多,子又有五子,大父未死而有二十五孫,是以人民眾而貨財寡,事力勞而供養薄,故民爭,雖倍賞累罰而不免於亂。 《韓非.五蠹》


Translation

Student 1 : Sanghoon Na


A man from the state of Song was ploughing his field, in which there was a tree stump. A hare ran and ran into the stump and broke its neck and died. Because of it, he discarded {%%untied%%} his plough and guarded the stump. He hoped to get a hare again, but a hare could not be caught again. So he himself became a laughing stock for the state of Song. Now, those who desire to use the policies of the former kings in order to rule the people of the present age are all of the "stump-guarding man's kind."{%%the kind of "guarding stump"%%} In olden times, men did not till. The seeds of grass and the fruits of trees {%%fruits of trees and plants%%} were sufficient to eat. Women did not weave, for the skins of animals were sufficient for clothing. Without working hard, the nurture was enough {%%sustenance was satisfied%%} . People were few, but goods were more than sufficient. Therefore the people never quarrelled {%%fought%%}. For this reason, neither bountiful rewards were bestowed nor were severe punishments employed, but people governed themselves. Nowadays, people having five sons do not regard them {%%it%%}as many. Each son also has five offsprings. A grandfather, before he dies, has 25 grandsons. For this reason, people have become numerous and supplies scanty. Toil has become hard and provisions meager. Therefore people quarrel {%%fight%%}. Though doubling rewards and reinforcing punishments, there is no way to be exempted from disorder.


Student 2 : Younès M'Ghari


Among the people of Song, there was someone ploughing a field. In the middle of the field there was a stump and a hare was running. It bumped into the stump broke its neck and died. Consequently the man dropped {00 or untied%%}his plough and guarded the stump. He was hoping to obtain a hare again but he could not obtain a hare again, and he became what the state of Song laughed at. Now [those] wanting to rule the people of the current generation by the governing of the former kings all belong to the category of [those] guarding stumps. In the past, men did not plough; the fruits of plants and trees were enough to eat. Wives did not weed; the skin of birds and beasts were enough to wear. They did not working labouriously but lived {00 sustained?00} with enough. People were few and wealth has a surplus, therefore people did not fight. Because of this, generous rewards were not in practice and heavy punishments were not used but people governed themselves. Now people have five children and do not consider it is many. The children again have five children [each]. A grand father has not yet died and has twenty-five grandchildren. Because of this, people become a crowd and goods and wealth become scant. Working labouriously is tough but providing [for one's family] and living becomes ungenerous. Therefore people fight, and even if you multiply rewards and aggravate punishments, you cannot avoid disorder.

Student 3 : Petra Sváková


There was a man of the state of Song who was ploughing [his] field. In the middle of the field, there was a tree trunk {00 stump, maybe. 00}. A hare was running, it ran into the trunk, broke its neck and died. For this reason, [the man] untied his plough and guarded the trunk, hoping [he would] get [another] hare again. [However,] he could not obtain any hare again and became a laughing stock for [people] of the state of Song. Nowadays, [those] who want to rule the people of the current generation [while using] governing of the ancient kings all [belong to] the category of [those] guarding the trunks. In ancient times, adult men did not plough, the fruits of the plants and the trees were sufficient to eat. Wives did not weave, the leather of the birds and the beasts were sufficient to clothe [themselves]. They did not work [with much of] effort [and yet they were] nourished sufficiently. The people were few but [there] was a surplus of wealth so they did not fight. Therefore generous rewarding was not practised nor was severe punishment used and people ruled themselves. Nowadays, people have five sons and do not consider them as many. [Then] again the sons have five sons [each] and the grandfather has twenty-five grandchildren even before death. Because of this, people [become] numerous and the goods and the wealth [become] little, the labour [become] tough but nourishing [one's family become] insufficient, so the people fight. Even if the rewards are multiplied and the punishment is aggravated, you cannot avoid the state of chaos.

Corrected text:

There was a man of the state of Song who was ploughing [his] field. In the middle of the field, there was a tree stump. A hare was running, it ran into the stump, broke its neck and died. For this reason, [the man] untied his plough and guarded the stump, hoping [he would] get [another] hare again. [However,] he could not obtain any hare again and became a laughing stock for [people] of the state of Song. Nowadays, [those] who want to rule the people of the current generation [while using] governing of the ancient kings all [belong to] the category of [those] guarding the stumps. In ancient times, adult men did not plough, the fruits of the plants and the trees were sufficient to eat. Wives did not weave, the leather of the birds and the beasts were sufficient to clothe [themselves]. They did not work [with much of] effort [and yet they were] nourished sufficiently. The people were few but [there] was a surplus of wealth so they did not fight. Therefore generous rewarding was not practised nor was severe punishment used and people ruled themselves. Nowadays, people have five sons and do not consider them as many. [Then] again the sons have five sons [each] and the grandfather has twenty-five grandchildren even before death. Because of this, people [become] numerous and the goods and the wealth [become] little, the labour [become] tough but nourishing [one's family become] insufficient, so the people fight. Even if the rewards are multiplied and the punishment is aggravated, you cannot avoid the state of chaos.

Student 4 : (Write your name)


In the state of Song there was a man plowing his field. In the middle of the field was a stump. A rabbit ran, struck the stump, broke [its] neck, and died. For this reason, [the man] let go of his plow and guarded the stump, hoping to again obtain a rabbit. [A] rabbit could not be again obtained, thus he became the laughingstock of Song.

Today wanting to carry out the governing of past kings to rule the current generation of people [is] all [in the same category as] guarding the stump.

In the past the men did not plow [but] the fruit of the grasses {00plants?00} and trees were enough to eat. The wives did not weave [but] the hides of birds and beasts were enough to wear.

[They] did not work [with] effort but nurtured [themselves with] sufficiency, people were few and wealth had a surplus, [this is] why people did not fight. This caused hefty rewards not to be carried out and heavy punishments not to be used, but [still] people governed themselves.

Today's people have five children and do not consider [this] many. [Those] children again have five children {^each^}. The patriarch has not yet died and has twenty-five grandchildren. This causes the people to [be a] crowd and goods and wealth are scant.

Working [with] effort is laborious but providing for and nurturing [with this] is [still] inadequate, [this is] why people fight. Although multiplying rewards and making onerous the punishments, [the present] does not avoid chaos.


Edited Sections:

In the past the men did not plow [but] the fruit of the plants and trees were enough to eat. The wives did not weave [but] the hides of birds and beasts were enough to wear.

Today's people have five children and do not consider [this] many. [Those] children again have five children [each]. The patriarch has not yet died and has twenty-five grandchildren. This causes the people to [be a] crowd and goods and wealth are scant.

Student 5 : (Jae Yong Chang)


In the state of Song, there was a person who cultivated the land. There was a tree stump in his farmland. A hare ran. And hit the stump and died, breaking his neck. Consequently, the farmer put his hoe down and stayed near the tree, hoping to get another hare. It was not possible to obtain another one, and the farmer became the ridicule of the state of Song. At present, people want to govern the current people by the ancient sage king’s ruling. These are the same category of the guardian of the stump.

In ancient times, men did not cultivate. [But] the fruits of plants and trees were enough to eat. Women did not weave. [But] the skins of the birds and the beasts were enough to wear. They did not work but it was enough to nurture them. People were few and the wealth is sufficient. Therefore, they did not fight [each other]. So, the generous rewards were not received and the heavy punishments were not used, but they governed by themselves. Now, people have five children and do not considered that [it is not] many. Their children again have five sons. The big father has not died yet and has twenty-five grandsons. Because of that, people are crowed and wealth becomes insufficient. Working is hard, but nurturing becomes thin. Therefore, people fight. So, even if the rewards are doubled and the punishments are aggravated, they cannot avoid the disorder.


Student 6 : (Goeun Lee)

Among the people of Song state, there was a farmer. In the middle of his farm there was a stump. A hare ran into it [accidentally], broke its neck and died. Because of this, the farmer put down his plough and guarded the stump, hoping to get a hare again. [However,] it was impossible to get another hare. Thereby he was laughed at by the people of Song state. Nowadays those who want to rule the people of contemporary generation with the way of ancient kings all belong to the category of this man who guarded the stump. In the old days, men did not cultivate, [because] fruits from plants and trees were enough to eat. Women did not make clothes [because] skins of birds and beasts were enough to make clothing. [People did] not labor but there was enough to nurture [them]. People were few; therefore, there was surplus in resources. Because of this, people did not compete. For this, excessive awarding was not practiced; harsh punishment was not used but people were ruled by themselves. These days people with five sons still don’t think they are many. Those sons again have five sons each. [In this way] a grandfather has twenty-five sons before he passes away. For this, people multiplied and goods became few. People labor exhaustingly yet their gain is little. Therefore, people fight, multiply awards, aggravate punishment; however, they cannot make excuse from turmoils.

Han Fei. Wu du


Student 7 : (Alexandre Le Marchand)


There was a man in the state of Song who cultivated field. In the middle of the field there was tree stump and a hare was running when it rammed into the tree stump and break off its neck. Due to this the man untied his plow and guard the stump hoping for get another hare, but it was impossible another hare was caught again. So this man became the laughing stock of Song people. Nowadays, those who want to rule modern generation people by imitate the first {%%ancient%%}kings ruling all belong to the same category as those who guard the tree stump. During the ancient times, if a man{%%men%%} didn’t farm {^but^} the fruit of planted {%%plants and%%} tress was enough to eat, and if he’s wife {%%wives%%} don’t craft clothes {%%didn't weave%%}, then skin of birds and beasts was enough to clothe. The work wasn’t so hard and people used to eat sufficiently, because people were few and goods were enough available and ancient times people didn’t fight for it. Because of this situation excessive reward didn’t work out {%%was not practiced%%} and severe punishments weren’t used so people rule by them self. Now when someone have five sons he doesn’t consider it as many, and sons themselves have five sons each. then the grandfather have 20 grandsons when he die {%%A grandfather has 25 grandsons before he dies%%}. This is the reason why people became plenty and there is such a few goods and money {%%so little wealth%%}, work became hard and they feeding lightly {%%feeding/provision became light/thin%%}. As a consequence people fight each other. Even if you multiply rewards and aggravate punishments you cannot avoid troubles {%%disorder%%}.

Student 8 : Bryan Sauvadet


宋人有耕田者,田中有株,兔走,觸株折頸而死,因釋其耒而守株,冀復得兔,兔不可復得,而身為宋國笑。

There was one who plows fields in the state of Song. In these fields, there was a rabbit running {%%a tree stump%%}. So he was {%% A rabbit was%%} running and broke its neck and died. Therefore he untied his plow {^and guarded the stump^}, hoping to get a rabbit again. But the rabbit never come again. He was laugh {%laughed at%%} by the people of Song.


今欲以先王之政,治當世之民,皆守株之類也。

Now, wanting to govern the people of the current generation, with ruling of the ancient king, is on the same category of the guardian of the tree.


古者丈夫不耕,草木之實足食也;婦人不織,禽獸之皮足衣也。

In the ancient time, if a man didn’t farm the fruit of planted tress was {%%men didn't plough but the fruits of plants and trees were%%}enough to eat, and if he’s wife don’t craft clothes {%%wives didn't weave%%}, then skin of birds and beasts was enough.


不事力而養足,人民少而財有餘,故民不爭。

Without working hard, the nurture {%%sustenance%%} was enough. People were few, but goods were more than sufficient.


是以厚賞不行,重罰不用而民自治。

Because of this, generous rewards were not in practice and heavy punishments were not used but people governed themselves.


今人有五子不為多,子又有五子,大父未死而有二十五孫,是以人民眾而貨財寡,事力勞而供養薄,故民爭,雖倍賞累罰而不免於亂。

In this time, people have five friends {%%sons%%}' and still think that’s not a lot. Their children still have five children {^each^}, {^a grandfather^} has twenty-five grandchildren before he died and the children again have five children {%%dies%%}. So, people become a crowd {%%many%%}and goods and wealth become scant. Working hard is tough but providing and living becomes ungenerous. Therefore people fight, and even if you multiply rewards and aggravate punishments, you cannot avoid disorder.


《韓非.五蠹》

Student 9 : HeeJin Lee


[Among] the people [of] Song [there was] one who plowed fields, in the middle [of] the field [there was] a tree stump, a hare ran, reached the stump [,] broke [its] neck and died, and so [the man] untied his plough and guarded the tree stump, wishing again to obtain the hare, and he [him]self was laughed [at] by the [people of] the Song kingdom. Today [the rulers] desire governance by means of the former kings to administer the people of their era, [they are] all [the same] kind as [those] guarding the tree stump. In the past adult men [did] not plow, [people] only ate the fruits of plants, wives [did] not weave, [and people] only wore the skins of birds [and] beasts. [It was possible] not to use [physical] strength but to provide enough nourishments, people [were] few but [there was] wealth left over, and so people [did] not compete. Because of this hefty awards [were] not implemented, [and] grave punishments [were] not used [but] people administered/ruled themselves. Today people have five sons [but still consider this] to not be many, [each of those] sons again has five sons, a grandfather [who] is not yet dead but [already] has twenty-five grandsons, [and] because of [this] people [are] many and wealth decreases, [physical] strength [is] drained [but] the support [and] nourishments [of people are] thin, and so people compete, although twice as much awards [and] many punishments [are meted out], but [it is] not [possible to] avoid chaos.

Student 10 : Jelena Gledić


Among the people of Song there was one who was plowing a field, and there was a tree stump in the middle of the field. A rabbit was running and it hit the stump, broke his neck and died. As a result, [the man] set loose his plow and guarded the tree stump, hoping to again get a rabbit. He could not get a rabbit again [in this way], and he became the laughing stock of the state of Song. Nowadays wanting to use the government of the first {%%ancient%%} kings to rule the people of this world is alike {%%like%%} guarding the tree stump. The ancient men did not plow, but the fruits of the grass and the tress {%%plants and trees%%} were sufficient {^for^} food. The women did not weave, the pelts of birds and beasts were sufficient {^for^} clothing. Not exerting strength, they were sustained. There were few people, there was a surplus of wealth, therefore the people did not fight. Because of this, lofty {00hefty?00} rewarding was not practiced and heavy punishments were not used, and still the people governed themselves. Nowadays people have five sons and do not consider it [to be] many. The son again has five sons, and the patriarch has twenty-five grandsons before he dies. Because of this, there are multitudes of people, goods and wealth are scarce, arduously exerting strength gives slim provisions, therefore the people fight. Even if rewards are multiplied and punishments are intensified, one cannot avoid a state of chaos. “Han Fei, Five Vermins


Student 11 : (Write your name)


There was a person in the state of Song, who ploughed a dry field. (And) there was a tree stump in the middle of the field. A hare ran and hit against the stump and broke its neck to death. Because of this, he put down his plough, guarded the stump, and hoped to get another hare. A hare could not be gained again. He made himself become what the Song people laughed at. Now, with the governance the ancient kings did, you are going to govern the present-day people, and this is all like a kind of guarding the tree stump. In the ancient time, male adults did not plough and fruits of plants and trees were enough to eat. Wives did not weave, and the skin and fur of animals were enough to wear. Without labouring, they could be nurtured enough. People were few and had surpluses in their wealth. Therefore, people did not fight. Because of this, generous rewards did not exist and heavy punishments were not used, but people ruled themselves. These days, people who have five sons think that it is not many. Their sons again have five sons. Before the grandfather dies, there are twenty-five grandsons. Because of this, people have become multiplied and wealth and goods became less. They labour diligently but nurturing their family becomes difficult. Therefore, people fight. Even though you increase rewards and mitigate one’s punishment, you cannot escape from a revolt.