(2017Translation) 寧無不平之心乎

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Original Script

昔黃相國喜。微時行役。憩于路上。見田父駕二牛耕者。問曰。二牛何者爲勝。田父不對。輟耕而至。附耳細語曰。此牛勝。公恠之曰。何以附耳相語。田父曰。雖畜物。其心與人同也。此勝則彼劣。使牛聞之。寧無不平之心乎。公大悟。遂不復言人長短云。 《芝峯類說.卷十五.性行部》


Translation

Student 1 : Sanghoon Na


Formerly, when Minister Hwang Hui {%%Hŭi%%} was unknown, he travelled and took a rest on the road. Seeing a farmer drive two oxen and plough [the field], he asked, "Between two oxen, which one would you say is better?" The farmer did not answer. [But] He stopped ploughing and came to him. He put his mouth to his (Hwang's) ear and whispered, "This ox is better." His lordship {%%He or The minister%%} thought it strange and said, "Why do you whisper to my ear?" The farmer said, "Though it is a livestock {%%an animal%%}, its mind is the same as man's. If this is superior, then that would be inferior. If we let the ox hear it, how couldn't it have a feeling of grievance {%%upset%%}?" His lordship {%%He%%} was greatly awakened, and consequently it is told that he never again talked about others' strengths and shortcomings.

Student 2 : Younès M'Ghari


A long time ago, the prime minister Hwang Hŭi1 was serving a corvée duty {00 this was the original meaning but it came to mean "to travel" or "being on the road" in general.00} when he was insignificant. He was resting on the road when he saw a farmer leading two oxen to plough. He asked: “Which of the two oxen would you consider the best {%%better%%}?” The farmer did not answer. He stopped ploughing and arrived [where Hwang Hui was]. He got close to [Hwang Hui's] ear and said very quietly: “This ox is better.” He found it curious and he asked: “Why did you get close to my ear and tell me [that]?” The farmer said: “Even though these are livestock {%%animals%%}, their heart is {%%minds are%%} similar with the one of men. If this one is better, then that one is inferior. If you let the oxen hear it, would it not have a heart {%%feeling%%} of resentment?” He was greatly enlightened. Thereupon, he did not speak again people's strong and weak [points].


1: Hwang Hui (黃喜), a politician of the Koryô and Chosôn Dynasties, who once served as prime minister (Korean: 相国, Sangguk) of the Chosôn

Student 3 : Petra Sváková


Long time ago, [there was] a prime minister Hwang Hǔi1. When he was serving a corvée {00 this was the original meaning but it came to mean "to travel" or "being on the road" in general.00}he was insignificant, and he was resting on a road. He saw a farmer driving a cart with two oxen {%%two oxen%% 00 You don't use cart to plough.00} and ploughing [his] field, and asked him: "[Out of] the two oxen, which one would you consider [to be] better?" The farmer did not answer to it. He ceased ploughing and arrived {%%came%%} [to Hwang Hǔi]. Getting close to [Hwang Hǔi's] ear, he said very quietly: "This ox is better." Hwang Hǔi found it strange and said: "Why did you get close to [my] ear and tell [me that]?" The farmer said: "Even though it is a (domesticated) animal, its mind is same as that of people. [If] this [one] is better then that [one] is worse. [If you] let the ox hear [this], could it not have a mind of resentment?" Hwang Hǔi was greatly enlightened. Consequently, he did not speak of [other] people's strengths and weaknesses again.

Corrected text:

Long time ago, [there was] a prime minister Hwang Hǔi1. When he was travelling he was insignificant, and he was resting on a road. He saw a farmer driving two oxen and ploughing [his] field, and asked him: "[Out of] the two oxen, which one would you consider [to be] better?" The farmer did not answer to it. He ceased ploughing and came [to Hwang Hǔi]. Getting close to [Hwang Hǔi's] ear, he said very quietly: "This ox is better." Hwang Hǔi found it strange and said: "Why did you get close to [my] ear and tell [me that]?" The farmer said: "Even though it is a (domesticated) animal, its mind is same as that of people. [If] this [one] is better then that [one] is worse. [If you] let the ox hear [this], could it not have a mind of resentment?" Hwang Hǔi was greatly enlightened. Consequently, he did not speak of [other] people's strengths and weaknesses again.

1 Hwang Hǔi (1363 - 1452) was an official in Koryŏ and Chosŏn dynasty, between 1431 and 1449 he served as a prime minister.

Student 4 : (Write your name)


Long ago, when the prime minister Hwang Hŭi1 was of little account, [he] was traveling [and] was resting atop a road. Seeing an old farmer driving two cows to plow, [he] asked, "[Of these] two cows, which one [is] better?"

The farmer did not reply [but] stopped plowing and approached. Getting close to [Hwang Hŭi's] ear, [he] said in a thready voice, "That cow [is] better."

Hwang Hŭi, perplexed, asked, "Why [did you] get close to [my] ear to talk?"

The farmer said, "Though an animal raised [as livestock], its heart and humans' [heart] are the same. [If] this [one's] better then that [one's] worse. [If] the cow were allowed to hear this, [how] could [it] not have a heart of disturbances?"

Subsequently Hwang Hŭi, greatly enlightened, did not again speak of [other] people's strengths and shortcomings.

1 Hwang Hŭi (1363–1452) was a prominent statesman in the last years of Koryŏ and the early years of Chosŏn. For an introduction (article in Korean), see National Institute of Korean History, Korean History Contents, 황희 (黃喜).

Student 5 : (Jae Yong Chang)


Ones upon a time, the Prime Minister, Hwang H ŭ i traveled during his humble period. While he was resting on the road, he saw a farmer who was drawing two oxen to cultivate {%%plough%%} his field. He asked, “{^Of the two oxen^} Which one would you consider the better?” The farmer did not answer. He stopped ploughing and walked over. The farmer got close to his ear and said very quietly, “This ox is better.” He thought it strange and asked, “Why did you tell me close to [my] ear?” The farmer said, “Even if it is livestock {%%farm animal%%}, their heart {%%its mind%%}is same as people’s. If this one is superior, then that one is inferior. If you let the oxen hear it, could it not have a mind of resentment?” He got a great enlightenment. Consequently, he never speaks again of other people's strength and weakness.

Student 6 : Goeun Lee

In the past, when prime minister Hwang hui was in his humble position, he went to serve corvee duty. He took a rest on the road. He saw a farmer driving two oxen to plough. He asked,“Among your two oxen, which one is better?” The farmer did not reply. He paused his plough and came to Hwang. With a small voice he said to Hwang's ears,“That one is better.”Hwang was bewildered and asked, “Why are you speaking to my ears?" The farmer said, “Although mere animals, their heart is like people. That one being better means this one being lesser. If I let those oxen hear this, how would its heart not become resentful?”Hwang was greatly surprised. After then, he never again talked about people’s strengths and shortcomings.

Jibong yuseol. Gwon 15.Seonghang bu


Student 7 : (Alexandre Le Marchand)


A long time ago when minister Hwanghee {%%Hwang Hŭi%%}was insignificant and he went to serve {%%was traveling%%}, he was resting on a road. He sees a farmer driving a wagon pulled by two oxen and farming. So he asks him: “Concerning the question of your two oxen, which one is better?” The farmer didn’t answer, he stops farming and went to Hwanghee {%%Hwang Hŭi%%}. He get close to his ear and said with a low voice: “This one is better”. Hwanghee {%%Hwang Hŭi%%} thought it was weird so he said: “Why did you get close to my ear to say it to me?” So the farmer said: “It may be beasts {%%a farm animal%%} but they share the same mind as humans, if I let them heart that which one is better and which one is weak {%% . If this one is better, than that one is less good. If I let the ox hear it %%}, could it not have a mind of resentment?” Hwanghee {%%Hwang Hŭi%%} realized it {%%was greatly enlightened%%} and from this moment on he never talked again about strength and weakness {^of other^} people.

Student 8 : Bryan Sauvadet


昔黃相國喜。

Once, there was a minister who named {%%whose name was%%} Hwang Hui.


微時行役。

At the time that his past was {%%When he was in%%} an insignificant position and he went {%%was%%} on the road.


憩于路上。

He was resting on the road.


見田父駕二牛耕者。

He saw a farmer driving a cart driving by two-ox {two oxen to plough his field%%}.


問曰。

He asks him:


二牛何者爲勝。

“Which one {^of the two oxen^} is better?”


田父不對。

The farmer didn’t answer.


輟耕而至。

He stopped {^ploughing^} and arrived {%%came%%} where Hwang Hui was.


附耳細語曰。

He approached his ear and spoke really quiet.


此牛勝。

This one is better.


公恠之曰。

The minister thought that was strange and said:


何以附耳相語。

Why did you put your mouth to my ear to talk?


田父曰。

The farmer said:


雖畜物。

“Even if it is life animals {%%farm animal%%},


其心與人同也。

It shares the same mind as people.


此勝則彼劣。

If this one is better, so this one is worse,


使牛聞之。

If you let the ox hear it,


寧無不平之心乎。

How the ox could {%%could the ox not%%} have a mind of resentment?”


公大悟。

The minister was revealed {%%greatly enlightened%%},


遂不復言人長短云。

Consequently he did not speak about if the people are good or bad at this manner {%%good and bad things about other people again%%}.


《芝峯類說.卷十五.性行部》

Student 9 : HeeJin Lee


Once [there was a man named] Hwang Hŭi [whose sobriquet was] Sangguk. When [he was] insignificant (i.e., without post) [, he] wandered around. [He] was resting on the road. [He] saw a farmer driving two oxen [,] plowing. [He] asked [and] said: "[Among] the two oxen which one is better?" The farmer [did] not respond. [He] stopped powing and arrived/reached [where Hwang was]. Attaching [his mouth to Hwang's] ear he quietly spoke [and] said: "That oxen [is] better." [Hwang thought] he [was] strange [and] said: "For what/why [did you] attach [your mouth to my] ear to [speak]?" The farmer said: "Although [they are] animals [,] their minds [are] the same as human['s]. [If] this [one is] better then that [one] is inferior. [If I] let the oxen hear it, [then] how [can] it not have a partial/biased mind?" [Hwang had] a great epiphany. Thereafter [he did] not again speak of the [merits of] people.

Student 10 : Jelena Gledić


Long ago, Minister Hwang Hui was on tour while he was not known, and he was resting on a road. He saw a farmer plowing with a two-ox cart {%%two oxen%% 00You don't actually use carts to plough. The verb 駕 was coined for carts but it came to be used to mean driving in general.00} [and] asked [him]: “Which of the two oxen do you consider [to be] better?” The farmer did not reply. He stopped plowing and approached. Close to the ear, he said in a quiet voice: “That ox is better.” The Minister [thought] this was strange and said: “Why are you talking so close to my ear?” The farmer said: “Even though [it is] an animal, its heart is the same as in humans. [If] this one is better, then that one is worse. If the ox hears this, how can its heart not be unsettled?” The Minister became fully aware [of this fact] {%%greatly enlightened%% 00 悟 is in fact a Buddhist term for enlightenment/revelation, which was then shared by Confucians.00} and consequently never again spoke of people’s strengths and shortcomings. “Chibong yusŏl, scroll 15, section on nature and behavior”

Student 11 : (Write your name)



Student 12 : (Write your name)


It was when the Prime Minister Hwang Hŭi {^was traveling and^} did not yet start his official career (when it was his humble time; when he was in an unimportant/insignificant position). He took a rest on the uphill {00 Why uphill?00} road and saw a farmer handling (driving) two oxen and ploughing. He asked. “Among the two oxen, which one (would you say) is better?” The farmer did not respond. He stopped ploughing and came up to him. The farmer whispered in {%%close to%%} his ear and said “This one is better.” Hwang felt strange. “Why do you whisper in my ear?” The farmer said “Even though they are livestock animals, their mind is as same as people’s. If this ox is better, then that ox is inferior. If you let the ox hear it, could not it have a mind of upset (resentment)?” Hwang was enlightened greatly and said that people must not {%%thereby he would never%%} talk about others’ strengths and weaknesses again.

Student 13 : (Write your name)