Difference between revisions of "2019 啓蒙篇 34 - 37"

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[[Category:2019 JSG Summer Hanmun Workshop]]
 
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Revision as of 07:18, 5 July 2019

Original Script

34.
有夫婦然後에 有父子하니 夫婦者는 人道之始也라.

故로 古之聖人이 制爲婚姻之禮하여 以重其事하니라.
  • 然後: after being/doing so
  • Verbalizing non-verbs


有夫婦然後有父子夫婦者人道之始也故古之聖人制爲婚姻之禮以重其事


35.

人非父母면 無從而生이라.

且人生三歲然後에 始免於父母之懷故로

欲盡其孝면 則服勤至死하고

父母沒이면 則致喪三年하여 以報其生成之恩이라.
  • 非N (as subjunctive clause): If not for N,…; Without N, …
  • 始V: to begin to V
  • 欲V: to want/wish to V


人非父母無從而生且人生三歲然後始免於父母之懷故欲盡其孝則服勤至死父母沒則致喪三年以報其生成之恩


36.

耕於野者는 食君之土하고 立於朝者는 食君之祿이니

人固非父母면 則不生이요 亦非君면 則不食故로

臣之事君이 如子事父하여

唯義所在면 則舍命效忠이라.
  • 固: firmly, indeed
  • 如: to be like, as if
  • 惟 N 所 V: only N should V (hortatory use)


耕於野者食君之土立於朝者食君之祿人固非父母則不生亦非君則不食故臣之事君如子事父唯義所在則舍命效忠


37.

人於等輩에 尙不可相踰어든

況年高於我하고 官貴於我하고 道尊於我者乎아.

故로 在鄕黨則敬其齒하고 在朝則敬其爵하고

尊其道而敬其德이 是禮也라.
  • 尙: still, yet
  • 況: how much more so for…, all the more so for…
  • 乎: question marker


人於等輩尙不可相踰況年高於我官貴於我道尊於我者乎故在鄕黨則敬其齒在朝則敬其爵尊其道而敬其德是禮也
 


Translation

Sentence 34 : (name)


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Sentence 35 : (name)


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Sentence 36 : (name)


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Sentence 37 : (name)


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