(Translation) 2017 守株待兔
|English||Benevolence of sucking on abscess|
|Chinese||吮疽之仁(Shunju zhi ren)|
|Author(s)||Liu Xiang 劉向|
|Translator(s)||Participants of 2017 Summer Hanmun Workshop (Intermediate Training Group)|
- 1 Original Script
- 2 Translation
- 2.1 Student 1 : Sanghoon Na
- 2.2 Student 2 : Younès M'Ghari
- 2.3 Student 3 : (Write your name)
- 2.4 Student 4 : (Write your name)
- 2.5 Student 5 : (Jae Yong Chang)
- 2.6 Student 6 : (Write your name)
- 2.7 Student 7 : (Alexandre Le Marchand)
- 2.8 Student 8 : (Write your name)
- 2.9 Student 9 : (Write your name)
- 2.10 Student 10 : (Write your name)
- 2.11 Student 11 : (Write your name)
- 2.12 Student 12 : (Write your name)
- 2.13 Student 13 : (Write your name)
- 2.14 Student 14 : (Write your name)
Student 1 : Sanghoon Na
A man from the state of Song was ploughing his field, in which there was a tree stump. A hare ran and ran into the stump and broke its neck and died. Because of it, he discarded his plough and guarded the stump. He hoped to get a hare again, but a hare could not be caught again. So he himself became a laughing stock for the state of Song. Now, those who desire to use the policies of the former kings in order to rule the people of the present age are all of the "stump-guarding man's kind." In olden times, men did not till. The seeds of grass and the fruits of trees were sufficient to eat. Women did not weave, for the skins of animals were sufficient for clothing. Without working hard, the nurture was enough. People were few, but goods were more than sufficient. Therefore the people never quarrelled. For this reason, neither bountiful rewards were bestowed nor were severe punishments employed, but people governed themselves. Nowadays, people having five sons do not regard them as many. Each son also has five offsprings. A grandfather, before he dies, has 25 grandsons. For this reason, people have become numerous and supplies scanty. Toil has become hard and provisions meager. Therefore people quarrel. Though doubling rewards and reinforcing punishments, there is no way to be exempted from disorder.
Student 2 : Younès M'Ghari
Among the people of Song, there was someone ploughing a field. In the middle of the field there was a stump and a hare was running. It bumped into the stump broke its neck and died. Consequently the man droped his plough and guarded the stump. He was hoping to obtain a hare again but he could not obtain a hare again, and he became what the state of Song laughed at. Now [those] wanting to rule the people of the current generation by the governing of the former kings all belong to the category of [those] guarding stumps. In the past, men did not plough; the fruits of plants and trees were enough to eat. Wives did not weed; the skin of birds and beasts were enough to wear. They did not working labouriously but lived with enough. People were few and wealth has a surplus, therefore people did not fight. Because of this, generous rewards were not in practice and heavy punishments were not used but people governed themselves. Now people have five children and do not consider it is many. The children again have five children [each]. A grand father has not yet died and has twenty-five grandchildren. Because of this, people become a crowd and goods and wealth become scant. Working labouriously is tough but providing [for one's family] and living becomes ungenerous. Therefore people fight, and even if you multiply rewards and aggravate punishments, you cannot avoid disorder.
Student 3 : (Write your name)
Student 4 : (Write your name)
In the state of Song there was a man plowing his field. In the middle of the field was a stump. A rabbit ran, struck the stump, broke [its] neck, and died. For this reason, [the man] let go of his plow and guarded the stump, hoping to again obtain a rabbit. [A] rabbit could not be again obtained, thus he became the laughingstock of Song.
Today wanting to carry out the governing of past kings to rule the current generation of people [is] all [in the same category as] guarding the stump.
In the past the men did not plow [but] the fruit of the grasses and trees were enough to eat. The wives did not weave [but] the hides of birds and beasts were enough to wear.
[They] did not work [with] effort but nurtured [themselves with] sufficiency, people were few and wealth had a surplus, [this is] why people did not fight. This caused hefty rewards not to be carried out and heavy punishments not to be used, but [still] people governed themselves.
Today's people have five children and do not consider [this] many. [Those] children again have five children. The patriarch has not yet died and has twenty-five grandchildren. This causes the people to [be a] crowd and goods and wealth are scant.
Working [with] effort is laborious but providing for and nurturing [with this] is [still] inadequate, [this is] why people fight. Although multiplying rewards and making onerous the punishments, [the present] does not avoid chaos.
Student 5 : (Jae Yong Chang)
Once upon a time, Liu Bolong had served in nine different positions. He was extremely poor. And he planned to manage a business which might have ten percent margin of profit. There was a ghost who was loudly laughing at nearby him.
There was also another poor man who suddenly got a jar. He slept in the jar at night. He said in mind. “if the jar was sold, I could get two jars. Then, these two jars naturally became four. That profit would be endless.” Consequently, he was happy and danced. But without knowing it, the jar was broken. Seen it with this, ordinary people’s poverty and wealth and gains and losses, in general, would be mostly shared. It is not possible to make ridiculous request.
In the past time, Men did not cultivate. [However] fruits of grasses and trees were enough to eat. Wives did not weave. [However] the skins of birds and beasts were enough to wear. Not to work hard, but [it is] enough to be nurtured. People were few and wealth is sufficient. Therefore people did not fight [each other]. Because of that, big awards were not carried out. Heavy punishments were not used so that People governed by themselves.
In the present, people have five sons [but] do not become many. These sons also have five sons. The big father has not died yet and has twenty-five grandsons. Because of that, people are many and wealth is insufficient. To work laborious, but [it is] thin to be nurtured. Therefore, people fight. Even though there are two times awards and cumulative punishments, it cannot avoid a riot.
Student 6 : (Write your name)
Student 7 : (Alexandre Le Marchand)
There was a man in the state of Song who cultivated field. In the middle of the field there was tree stump and a hare was running when it rammed into the tree stump and break off its neck. Due to this the man untie his plow and guard the stump hoping for get another hare, but it was impossible another hare was caught again. So this man became the laughing stock of Song people. Now days, those who want to rule modern generation people by imitate the first kings ruling all belong to the same category as those who guard the tree stump. During the ancient times, if a man didn’t farm the fruit of planted tress was enough to eat, and if he’s wife don’t craft clothes, then skins of beards and beast was enough to clothe. The work wasn’t so hard and people used to eat sufficiently, because people were few and goods were enough available and ancient times people didn’t fight for it. Because of this situation excessive reward didn’t work out and severe punishments weren’t used so people rule by them self. Now when someone have five sons he don’t consider it as many, and when sons themselves have five sons each then the grandfather have 20 grandsons when he die. This is the reason why people became plenty and there is such a few goods and money, work became hard and they feeding lightly. As a consequence people flight each other. Even if you multiply rewards and aggravate punishments you cannot avoid troubles.
Student 8 : (Write your name)
Student 9 : (Write your name)
Student 10 : (Write your name)
Student 11 : (Write your name)
Student 12 : (Write your name)
Student 13 : (Write your name)