(Translation) 乾隆十五年庚午四月十五日 李奴 丁山 明文
|English||Deed to Jeongsan, a slave of Yi [Naebeon], on the 15th day of the 4th month in 1750|
|Chinese||乾隆十五年庚午四月十五日 李奴 丁山 明文|
|Korean(RR)||건륭십오년 경오 사월십오일 이노 정산 명문(Geollyungsibonyeon gyeongo sawol siboil Ino Jeongsan Myeongmun)|
|Author(s)||Slave Yi Subong in Gangneung 江陵 奴 李守鳳|
|Key Concepts||slave, deed, female's inherited property|
|Translator(s)||Participants of 2018 Summer Hanmun Workshop (Advanced Translation Group)|
右明文爲臥乎事叱段吾矣 上典宅居在利川爲有爲乎爲 此亂歲切迫要用所致以妻邊衿
得爲有在江陵香湖伏在畓浦坪員豈字百六十四畓七卜一束 百九十二畓七卜三束古馬谷養字六十三畓 三卜
一卜九束僉畓伍石田一石十斗落只庫乙 上典主 牌子導良放賣 爲有矣折價錢文一百三十兩相約
依數捧上爲遣右人 上典前永永放賣爲乎矣本文記段 上典宅他田民幷付乙仍于不得許給
筆執 幼學 金廷徽[署押]
Deed to Jeongsan, a slave of Yi [Naebeon], on the 15th day of the 4th month of the 15th year  of Emperor Qianlong’s reign [1735-1796]
The document mentioned on the right is as follows:
My master lives in Icheon. Thus, based on the carte blanche given to me, I sold five seok of rice paddy, one seok of field, and ten durakji in total because of a severe famine this year like this and out of sheer necessity. They are his wife’s inherited property located at Lake Hyang in Gangneung: Paddy field 164 of 157th [豈] paddy on Popyeong Plain, producing seven loads and a handful of grains; Paddy field 192, producing seven loads and three handfuls of grains; Paddy field 63 of 156th [豈] paddy at Goma Valley, producing three of grains; [to be deleted] Paddy 132 of 160th [傷] paddy on Geommulli Plain, producing eight loads and nine handful of grains; Field 40 of 156th [豈] field on Geommulli Plain, producing three loads and four handful of grains, and Field 41, producing one load and two handful of grains, and Field 44, producing one load and nine handful of grains.
130 nyang of coin was agreed as the price, which was paid according to the amount. This year I sold out the property to the master mentioned on the right in perpetuity.
[However,] this document is not allowed to be enforced due to another tenant of my master.
From this year crops will be cultivated for a long time.
By any chance, should there be a dispute at a later date among my master’s children, take this document and report to the authorities for justice to this matter.
The owner of the paddies and fields: Slave Yi Subong in Gangneung [Signature of Finger Joint]
Witness: Private Slave Kim Chamson [Signature]
Scribe: Scholar Kim Jeong’hwi [Signature]
- Discussion Questions: